The conflict in northern Uganda erupted in 1986 and has been characterized by the LRA's well-documented brutality against civilians. This brutality includes the abduction of children for use as fighters and sex slaves, as well as the widespread practice of mutilation, involving the severing of lips, ears, noses, and limbs of victims. As a result of this violence, nearly two million people have been displaced from their homes, compelled to seek refuge in camps. Additionally, human rights organizations have reported war crimes committed by the government army, the Ugandan People's Defence Forces.
Beneath this conflict lie deep-seated issues related to identity, territorial disputes, and economic disparities. These inequalities trace their roots back generations to the arbitrary borders established during British decolonization. These borders forced farmers to coexist with nomads and Christians with Muslims.
The leader of the LRA, Joseph Kony, seeks to overthrow President Museveni's government in Uganda and establish a theocratic state based on the Ten Commandments in Northern Uganda. After Joseph Kony was included on the list of most wanted war criminals, the Sudanese government ceased its support for the LRA and permitted the Ugandan People's Defence Force (UPDF) to enter Sudan to pursue Kony.
While the horrors in Uganda have diminished, they have not disappeared entirely; instead, they have migrated. The abductions, killings, and atrocities committed by the LRA have found a new stage in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo).